Assemble Mini Pupper 2

This is the video clip for the complete kit, please refer to the below sections for detailed steps.

Please also refer to Mini Pupper 2 Fusion 360 CAD model:

1. Write the pre-built image into microSD


In addition to the tools included in the kit, the following items are required for assembly.

  • USB keyboard

  • USB mouse

  • PC

  • microSD card reader

  • HDMI Display

  • micro HDMI cable

  • USB charger

Step 1.1 Charging the battery

  • The battery is charged via USB, see picture for USB socket, and can also be charged while attached to the Mini Pupper body.

※ LED light: Green means there is enough power, and Red means you need to charge it.

※ We recommend 5V/1A adapter, if you use 5V/2A adapter, the battery IC will change it to 1A. It needs about 1 hour to charge 80% and the light will become green, and an additional 1 hour to 100%, anyway, you can use it when the light becomes green.


Step 1.2 Download the image

※ “xxx_stanford**.img” means the image is for Ubuntu 22.04 version.

  • The picture below is the custom carry board.


Step 1.3 Write the image into a microSD card

  • Insert the microSD card into your PC’s SD card reader and write the image. We recommend the image creation tool balenaEtcher or Win32DiskImager as it is easy and reliable. Please take a look at the official manual. It may take a while to complete.

※ Reference Link: Download Etcher – Flash OS images to USB drives & SD cards

2. Position of the screws

  • The pictures show the position of the screws briefly.

../_images/MPv2.screws1.jpg ../_images/MPv2.screws2.jpg ../_images/MPv2.screws3.jpg

3. Legs Assembly

Please refer to the below video clip.

Bolt to use

  • M2x5mm 2x4=8 ①+②, ⑤+⑥

  • M2x8mm 3x4=12 ②+③, ④+⑦, ③+④

  • M2x12mm 1x4=4 ⑤+⑦

  • M2x14mm 1x4=4 ③+⑤

Step 3.1 Single leg

  • Assemble the four legs. The front and back of the right side are the same, and so are the front and back of the left side. Show you how to assemble the right side.

  • Video Instructions, please refer to the link

  • The parts are numbered as follows to explain.


Assemble ① and ②

../_images/2.v2.jpg ../_images/6.v2.1.jpg
  • The two sides of bearings inside ② are different.

../_images/3.jpg ../_images/6.v2.jpg

Assemble ② and ③

  • Use an M2x8mm screw and an M2 locknut. Insert the screw from the bottom to the top of ③, pass through ② and tighten with the nut. It is important to pay attention to the orientation of ③. Look carefully at the position of the hole in the middle.

../_images/7.v2.jpg ../_images/8.v2.jpg

Adjustment of the length of ④

  • The length of ④ must match the length of ⑤. When adjusting the length, it is easier to use two long screws to make sure that the lengths match. Once the lengths have been adjusted, take apart all.

../_images/10.jpg ../_images/11.jpg
  • If it’s hard to twist, you can use two screwdrivers to assist.


Assemble ⑤ and ⑥

  • Use one M2x5mm screw. Insert the screws into ⑤ first, insert them into the holes of ⑥, and tighten them. The large hole in ⑥ should be facing the surface.

../_images/12.jpg ../_images/13.jpg ../_images/14.jpg

Assemble ⑤ and ⑦

  • Use an M2x12mm screw, an M2 locknut and two sets of ball bearings. Each ball bearing is made up of three parts, the top and bottom parts with the grooved side facing inwards. Insert a screw into a set of ball bearing. Then insert the screw into the hole ⑦. Taking care to look at the warped side of ⑦ to make sure it is facing the right way. Now screw in the another set of ball bearing. Finally, insert screw into ⑤ and tighten it with the nut.

../_images/15.jpg ../_images/18.jpg ../_images/19.jpg ../_images/21.jpg ../_images/20.jpg

Assemble ④ and ⑦

  • Use an M2x8mm screw and an M2 nut. Insert the screw into ⑦ and put ④ through, then tighten it with the nut. The direction of the front and back of ④ can be either.

Left and right leg

../_images/22.jpg ../_images/23.jpg ../_images/24.jpg

Assemble ③ and ④

  • Use an M2x8mm screw and an M2 nut. Insert the screw into ③ and put ④ through, then tighten it with the nut.

Left and right leg

../_images/25.v2.jpg ../_images/26.jpg

Assemble ③ and ⑤

  • Use M2x14mm screws and two sets of ball bearings. Thread the screws through the bearings, ③, bearings, ⑤, in that order. The screws are not fixed, but you will tighten them when you mount the servo in the next step.

../_images/27.v2.jpg ../_images/29.jpg ../_images/30.jpg

Completion of a right leg

  • Now we have one leg on the right side. Here are some pictures so you can see it from different angles. The left leg should be symmetrical with the right one.

../_images/31.v2.jpg ../_images/32.jpg

opposite side


Step 3.2 Four legs


Step 3.3 Locktite

After Mini Pupper run sometime, some screws or nuts will loose, you have to check and tighten them if needed. It’s helpful to understand how it works.

※ We don’t recommend new users to use the Loctite at first, you can use it after you have much background.

※ Loctite prevents the nut from loosening, but it is not essential, as it can be tightened only when looseness is noticed.

../_images/37.jpg ../_images/45.jpg
  • Some screws are also secured with glue as the below picture shows.


4. Display and Frame of face

Remove the protective sheet for the display. Fold the thin flexible cable at the edge of the display. Attach the board and the display to the main unit.

../_images/74.jpg ../_images/79.v2.1.jpg ../_images/79.v2.2.jpg ../_images/79.v2.3.jpg
  • When attaching the display, you can use a stick to gently push the flexible FPC cable, so that it goes as far back as possible. Don’t bend this FPC cable at 180 degrees.

../_images/79.v2.4.jpg ../_images/79.v2.5.jpg

5. Body Frame and Hips Assembly

  • Refer to the top video for how to set servo ID.

  • For the position of each servo, please refer to the below picture.


Step 5.1 Body center parts

Connect the No.1, 4, 7, 10 servos to the body center parts.

  • It is useful to put masking tape on the cables and write the number of servos during this process to make it easier later.

  • Pay attention to the center part direction.

../_images/49.v2.2.jpg ../_images/49.v2.3.jpg

Connect the center parts to the bottom carbon fiber

  • Be careful of the carbon fiber front and rear orientation.

../_images/49.v2.4.jpg ../_images/49.v2.5.jpg

Step 5.2 Hip parts

Assemble four hip parts, please refer to the servo positions.

../_images/49.v2.6.jpg ../_images/49.v2.7.jpg

Ensure the No.1, 4, 7, 10 servos at the right position.


Use the custom cable to connect the battery to the top PCB board, and click the battery button for more than 3 seconds to boot up it.


Connect the servos to the top PCB board, please pay attention to the servo connector directions.

../_images/49.v2.10.jpg ../_images/49.v2.11.jpg

Connect the four hip parts to the body, please pay attention.

  • Don’t power off the battery now.

  • Ensure all the servo positions are right.


Step 5.3 Front and back body parts

Power off the battery, and connect the front and back body parts.

../_images/49.v2.13.jpg ../_images/49.v2.14.jpg

Pay attention to the directions.


Power on the battery to check the hip parts all at their right positions, connect all the rest servos to the PCB board, and then power off the battery and go ahead.


Connect the LCD cable to the PCB board, make the servo cables clear.

../_images/49.v2.20.jpg ../_images/49.v2.21.jpg

Fix the top and bottom boards.

../_images/49.v2.22.jpg ../_images/49.v2.23.jpg ../_images/49.v2.24.jpg

Step 5.4 Assemble four legs to the body


Pay attention to the theoretically best angles, it’s better to meet the theoretically best angles as much as possible. But don’t worry, we’ll use the software to calibrate the angles later.

../_images/49.v2.26.jpg ../_images/49.v2.27.jpg

Step 5.5 Assemble the battery to the body


Slide the battery backward and secure it.

../_images/49.v2.29.jpg ../_images/85.jpg ../_images/84.jpg

Step 5.6 Assemble the speaker

../_images/MP2.Speak.1.jpg ../_images/MP2.Speak.2.jpg

6. Cover Assembly

Please refer to the below video clip.

Step 6.1 Side panels

../_images/111.v2.jpg ../_images/112.v2.jpg

Step 6.2 Shin guards

  • Use four M2x10mm countersunk screws.

../_images/113.v2.jpg ../_images/114.v2.jpg

Step 6.3 Shoulders

  • Insert only the screws first and then insert the shoulder parts into the gap. Insert the 2 mm hex driver into the hole in the shoulder part and tighten the screws.

../_images/114.v2.2.jpg ../_images/117.v2.jpg ../_images/117.v2.2.jpg ../_images/122.v2.jpg

Step 6.4 Shoes

  • Put on 4 shoes.

../_images/122.v2.jpg ../_images/123.v2.jpg


7. Add-On Assembly

Step 7.1 Lidar

If you order the Lidar, the 3D-printed Lidar holder and custom cable will be shipped together. You can also print the holder by yourself using the Mini Pupper 2 STL files


Connect the 3 holders to the 3D-printed part.


Connect the custom cable to the Lidar connector on the PCB board.


Fix the 3D-printed part on the PCB board.


Connect the custom cable to the Lidar module and fix it using the self-tapping screws.


Step 7.2 Camera

Mini Pupper 2 also supports the single Pi camera or OpenCV OAK-D-Lite camera module. You can also print the holder by yourself using the Mini Pupper 2 STL files

../_images/MP2.LidarCamera.1.jpg ../_images/MP2.LidarCamera.2.jpg ../_images/MP2.LidarCamera.3.jpg